Chapter 233

2011 -- H 5216 AS AMENDED

Enacted 07/09/11





     Introduced By: Representatives Menard, Naughton, MacBeth, and Flaherty

     Date Introduced: February 03, 2011


It is enacted by the General Assembly as follows:


     SECTION 1. Section 15-5-16.2 of the General Laws in Chapter 15-5 entitled "Divorce

and Separation" is hereby amended to read as follows:


     15-5-16.2. Child support. -- (a) In a proceeding for divorce, divorce from bed and board,

a miscellaneous petition without the filing of divorce proceedings, or child support, the court shall

order either or both parents owing a duty of support to a child to pay an amount based upon a

formula and guidelines adopted by an administrative order of the family court. If, after calculating

support based upon court established formula and guidelines, the court, in its discretion, finds the

order would be inequitable to the child or either parent, the court shall make findings of fact and

shall order either or both parents owing a duty of support to pay an amount reasonable or

necessary for the child's support after considering all relevant factors including, but not limited to:

      (1) The financial resources of the child;

      (2) The financial resources of the custodial parent;

      (3) The standard of living the child would have enjoyed had the marriage not been


      (4) The physical and emotional condition of the child and his or her educational needs;


      (5) The financial resources and needs of the non-custodial parent.

      (b) The court may, if in its discretion it deems it necessary or advisable, order child

support and education costs for children attending high school at the time of their eighteenth

(18th) birthday and for ninety (90) days after graduation, but in no case beyond their nineteenth

(19th) birthday.

      Notwithstanding the foregoing, the court, in its discretion, may order child support to

continue, in the case of a child with a severe physical or mental impairment still living with or

under the care of a parent, beyond the child's emancipation as defined above. The court shall

consider the following factors when making its determination: (1) the nature and extent of the

disability; (2) the cost of the extraordinary medical expenses; (3) the ability of the child to earn

income; (4) the financial resources of the child; (5) the financial resources of the parents; (6) the

inability of the primary caregiver of the child to sustain gainful employment on a full-time basis

due to the care necessitated by the child. The onset of the disability must have occurred prior to

the emancipation event. If a child support order for a child with a severe physical or mental

impairment has been terminated, suspended or expired, the court shall consider the factors in this

paragraph and has the discretion to order child support for this child prospectively based upon

established child support guidelines. The court may periodically review the case to determine if

circumstances warrant the continuation of child support.

      (c) (1) The court may, if in its discretion it deems it necessary or advisable, appoint an

attorney or a guardian ad litem to represent the interest of a minor or dependent child with respect

to his or her support, custody, and visitation.

      (i) In determining whether an appointment should be made, the court shall consider the

extent to which a guardian ad litem may assist in providing information concerning the best

interest of the child; the age of the child; the wishes of the parents as well as their financial

resources; the nature of the proceeding including the level of contentiousness, allegations of child

abuse or domestic violence and the risk of harm to the child if a guardian is not appointed; or

conflicts of interest between the child and parents or siblings;

      (ii) The guardian ad litem shall be appointed from a list of persons properly credentialed

pursuant to administrative orders of the chief judge of the family court;

      (iii) The court shall enter an order of appointment stating the specific assignment the

optional and mandatory duties of the guardian ad litem, the guardian's access to the child and

confidential information regarding the child, and a provision for payment of the costs and fees of

the guardian ad litem;

      (iv) Communications made to a guardian, including those made by a child, are not

privileged and may or may not be disclosed to the parties, the court or to professionals providing

services to the child or the family;

      (v) The guardian ad litem shall meet with the child, conduct an investigation and upon

request of the court shall prepare an oral or written report that contains the procedural background

of the case, identification of all persons interviewed and other sources of information, a statement

of the child's emotional, medical, educational and social service needs, the child's wishes and

other factors relevant to the court's determination regarding the best interests of the child;

      (vi) Any written report of the guardian ad litem shall be marked as a full exhibit in the

proceedings, subject to cross-examination;

      (vii) If the guardian ad litem requests confidential health care information and consent is

withheld, he or she shall apply to the court for leave to obtain such information after compliance

with section 5-37.3-6.1;

      (viii) The guardian ad litem shall be given notice of and should appear at all proceedings

in family court that affect the interests of the child;

      (ix) A person serving as a guardian ad litem under this section acts as the court's agent

and is entitled to quasi-judicial immunity for acts performed within the scope of the duties of the

guardian ad litem;

      (x) The chief judge of the family court shall issue, through administrative orders, rules

governing the appointment and performance of guardians ad litem in domestic proceedings.

      (2) After a decree for support has been entered, the court may from time to time upon the

petition of either party review and alter its decree relative to the amount of support and the

payment of it, and may make any decree relative to it which it might have made in the original

suit. The decree may be made retroactive in the court's discretion only to the date that notice of a

petition to modify was given to the adverse party if the court finds that a substantial change in

circumstances has occurred; provided, that the court shall set forth in its decision the specific

findings of fact which show a substantial change in circumstances and upon which findings of

facts the court has decided to make the decree retroactive. The child support order shall continue

in full force and effect, by wage withholding, after the youngest child is emancipated, and shall

be applied towards any arrearage due and owing, as indicated on the child support computer

system. Upon satisfaction of the arrears due and owing the child support order shall be

automatically suspended and wage withholding terminated without the necessity of returning to

family court.

      (d) (1) In a proceeding to enforce a child support order, or a spousal support order for a

custodial parent having custody of a minor child, the court or its magistrate may assign to the

obligee such tangible personal property of the obligor that will be sufficient to satisfy the child or

spousal support arrearage owed. The court or its magistrate, after a hearing, shall establish the

amount of the child or spousal support arrearage, and the nature and value of the tangible

personal property. To effect the assignment, the court or its magistrate may order the obligor to

execute and deliver the documents of title which may be necessary to complete the transfer of

title to the property, and may order the obligor to deliver possession of the property to the

obligee. Whenever the obligor fails to comply with the order assigning the property, the order of

assignment shall be regarded as a judgment vesting title to the property in the obligor as fully and

completely as if the obligor had executed and delivered the documents of title.

      (2) Any order for child support issued by the family court shall contain a provision

requiring either or both parents owing a duty of support to a child to obtain health insurance

coverage for the child when coverage is available to the parent or parents through their

employment without cost or at a reasonable cost. "Reasonable cost" shall be defined in

accordance with guidelines adopted by administrative order of the family court in conjunction

with the child support guidelines.

      (3) Any existing child support orders may be modified in accordance with this

subsection unless the court makes specific written findings of fact that take into consideration the

best interests of the child and conclude that a child support order or medical order would be

unjust or inappropriate in a particular case.

      (4) In addition, the national medical support notice shall be issued with respect to all

orders issued, enforced, or modified on or after October 1, 2002, in accordance with chapter 29 of

title 15. The notice shall inform the employer of provisions in the child support order, for health

care coverage for the child, and contain instructions on how to implement this coverage. In lieu of

the court ordering the non-custodial parent to obtain or maintain health care coverage for the

child, the court may order the non-custodial parent to contribute a weekly cash amount towards

the medical premium for health care coverage paid by the state of Rhode Island and/or the

custodial parent. The method to determine a reasonable weekly amount shall be addressed in the

family court administrative order pertaining to the child support guidelines.

      (e) In a proceeding to establish support, the court in its discretion may, after opportunity

for a hearing, issue a temporary order for child support payable into the registry of the court and

to be held pending entry of judgment. In the event of a final adjudication requiring no payment or

payments in an amount less than those payments which have been made pursuant to a temporary

order under this section, the defendant shall be entitled to a refund of all or a portion of the

amounts paid.

      (f) In any proceeding to establish support, or in any case in which an obligor owes past

due support, for a child or children receiving public assistance pursuant to chapter 5.1 of title 40,

the court or its magistrate, upon a finding that an able bodied absent parent obligor is

unemployed, underemployed or lacks sufficient income or resources from which to make

payment of support equal to the public assistance payment for the child or children, or is unable

to pay the arrearages in accordance with a payment plan, may order that parent to perform unpaid

community service for at least twenty (20) hours per week through community service

placements arranged and supervised by the department of human services or to participate in any

work activities that the court deems appropriate. The performance of community service shall not

be a basis for retroactive suspension of arrears due and owing.

      (g) (1) In any proceeding to establish support for a minor child whose adjudicated parent

is a minor (minor-parent), the court or its magistrate may order a grandparent of the minor child

to reimburse the department of human services in an amount not to exceed the total amount of

cash assistance benefits paid to or for the minor child pursuant to chapter 5.1 of title 40 until the

minor-parent reaches the age of eighteen (18), less any payment made to the department by the

minor parent.

      (2) The obligation of reimbursement for the minor child shall be the joint and several

responsibility of the minor parent and the grandparent(s) until the minor parent reaches the age of

eighteen (18); provided, that each joint obligor shall have a right of contribution against each joint

obligor, which right shall be enforceable by an action in the family court.

      (h) (1) All support orders established or modified in the state on or after October 1, 1998,

shall be recorded with the Rhode Island family court department of human services child support

computer enforcement system, which maintains the official registry of support orders entered in

accordance with applicable administrative orders issued by the Rhode Island family court. The

support order shall be recorded whether or not services are being provided under the IV-D state


      (2) The obligee to a paternity or child support proceeding shall be required to file with

the family court, upon the entry of the order, the appropriate form as provided by family court

which includes the full name of the parties, residential and mailing address, telephone number,

drivers license number, social security number and the name, address and telephone number of

the employer. The form shall also include the full order amount and date and amount of

arrearages if any, the name of the child(ren), their date of birth, address and social security

number and any other information as required by administrative order.

      (3) After this, each party is required to file an amended form whenever any of the

information contained on the original form has been changed in any way, within ten (10) days of

the change. The information shall be entered in the child support enforcement computer system

within five (5) business days of receipt of the amended form.

      (i) In any subsequent child support enforcement action between the parties, upon

sufficient showing that diligent effort has been made to ascertain the location of such a party, the

court may deem state due process requirements for notice and service of process to be met with

respect to the party, upon service by first class mail or, where appropriate, by service as specified

in the Rhode Island rules of procedure for domestic relations for the Family Court of Rhode

Island, of written notice to the most recent residential or employer address of record.


     SECTION 2. This act shall take effect upon passage.