Chapter 348
2018 -- H 7456 SUBSTITUTE A
Enacted 07/10/2018

A N   A C T

Introduced By: Representatives Serpa, Shanley, Solomon, McKiernan, and O'Brien
Date Introduced: February 07, 2018

It is enacted by the General Assembly as follows:
     SECTION 1. Sections 4-1.1-1, 4-1.1-2, 4-1.1-3, 4-1.1-4 and 4-1.1-5 of the General Laws
in Chapter 4-1.1 entitled "Unlawful Confinement of a Covered Animal" are hereby amended to
read as follows:
     4-1.1-1. Definitions.
     For the purposes of this chapter:
     (1) "Calf raised for veal" means a calf of the bovine species kept for the purpose of
producing the food product referred to as veal.
     (2) "Crate" means a "gestation crate" for sows or a "veal crate" for calves.
     "Covered animal" means any sow during gestation, calf raised for veal, or egg-laying hen
that is kept on a farm.
     (3) "Egg-laying hen" means any female domesticated chicken, turkey, duck, goose, or
guinea fowl kept for the purpose of egg production.
     (4) "Enclosure" means any cage, crate, or other structure used to confine a covered
animal or animals. Enclosure includes what is commonly described as a "gestation crate" or
"stall" for sows during gestation, a "veal crate" for calves raised for veal, and a "battery cage,
enriched cage, or colony cage" for egg-laying hens.
     (3)(5) "Farm" means the land, building, support facilities, and other equipment that are
wholly or partially used for the commercial production of animals or animal products used for
food or fiber; and does not include live animal markets.
     (4)(6) "Farm owner or operator" means any person who owns or controls the operation of
a farm, and does not include any non-management employee, contractor, or consultant.
     (5)(7) "Fully extending the animal's limbs" means fully extending all limbs without
touching the side of an enclosure. In the case of egg-laying hens, "fully extending the animal's
limbs" means fully spreading both wings without touching the side of an enclosure or other egg-
laying hens and having access to the amount of usable floor space per hen that complies with the
2016 Edition of the United Egg Producers Animal Husbandry Guidelines for U.S. Egg Laying
Flocks "Guidelines for Cage-Free Egg Production."
     (6)(8) "Person" means any individual, firm, partnership, joint venture, association,
limited-liability company, corporation, estate, trust, receiver, or syndicate.
     (7)(9) "Sow during gestation" means a pregnant pig of the porcine species kept for the
purpose of breeding.
     (8)(10) "Turning around freely" means turning in a complete circle without any
impediment, including a tether, and without touching the side of a crate.
     4-1.1-2. Purpose.
     The purpose of this chapter, subject to exceptions set forth in § 4-1.1-4, is to prohibit the
confinement of calves raised for veal and sows during gestation a covered animal in a manner that
prevents the animal from turning around freely, lying down, standing up, or fully extending the
animal's limbs.
     4-1.1-3. Unlawful confinement.
     Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a person is guilty of unlawful confinement
of a sow or calf covered animal if the person is a farm owner or operator who knowingly tethers
or confines any sow or calf covered animal in a manner that prevents such the animal from
turning around freely, lying down, standing up, or fully extending the animal's limbs.
     4-1.1-4. Exceptions.
     This section chapter shall not apply:
     (1) During medical research.;
     (2) Temporary confinement prior to and during examination, testing, individual treatment
or operation for veterinary purposes.;
     (3) During transportation.;
     (4) During rodeo exhibitions, state or county fair exhibitions, 4-H programs, and similar
exhibitions or educational programs.;
     (5) During temporary confinement for animal husbandry purposes for no more than six
(6) hours in any twenty-four-(24) hour (24) period, unless ordered by a licensed veterinarian.;
     (6) During the humane slaughter of a sow or pig covered animal in accordance with the
provisions of chapter 4-17 chapter 17 of this title, and other applicable laws and regulations.;
     (7) To a sow during the fourteen (14) five-(5) day (5) period prior to the sows sow’s
expected date of giving birth and extending for a duration of time until the piglets are weaned any
day that the sow is nursing piglets.; This period may be modified upon the order of a licensed
     (8) To calves being trained to exhibit.;
     (9) To calves being trained to accept routine confinement in dairy and beef housing.
     4-1.1-5. Penalty.
     (a) The provisions of this chapter are in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other laws
protecting animal welfare. This chapter may not be construed to limit any other state laws or rules
protecting the welfare of animals or to prevent a local governing body from adopting and
enforcing its own animal welfare laws and regulations.
     (b) It is not an affirmative defense to alleged violations of this chapter that the calf or sow
covered animal was kept as part of an agricultural operation and in accordance with customary
animal husbandry or farming practices.
     (c) Any person who violates the provisions of this chapter or any rules or regulations
promulgated hereunder shall be fined not less than fifty dollars ($50.00) nor exceeding five
hundred dollars ($500), or both.
     (d) This chapter shall be construed to supersede § 4-1-3(a) only with respect to the
minimum space required for the housing of egg-laying hens.
     SECTION 2. This act shall take effect on July 1, 2026.
LC004488/SUB A/2