TITLE 14
Delinquent and Dependent Children

CHAPTER 14-6.2
Interstate Compact for Juveniles

SECTION 14-6.2-1


§ 14-6.2-1 Execution of the Compact.

The governor on behalf of the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations is authorized to execute a compact, in substantially the following form, with any state, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the general assembly signifies in advance its approval and ratification of this compact:

Interstate Compact on Juveniles

The contracting states solemnly agree:

ARTICLE I

Findings and Purposes

That juveniles who are not under proper supervision and control, or who have absconded, escaped or run away, are likely to endanger their own health, morals and welfare, and the health morals and welfare of others. The cooperation of the states party to this compact is therefore necessary to provide for the welfare and protection of juveniles and of the public with respect to: (1) cooperative supervision of delinquent juveniles on probation or parole; (2) the return, from one state to another, of delinquent juveniles who have escaped or absconded; (3) the return, from one state to another, of non-delinquent juveniles who have run away from home; and (4) additional measures for the protection of juveniles and of the public, which any two (2) or more of the party states may find desirable to undertake cooperatively. In carrying out the provisions of this compact the party states shall be guided by the non-criminal, reformative and protective polices [policies] which guide their laws concerning delinquent, neglected or dependent juveniles generally. It shall be the policy of the states party to this compact to cooperate and observe their respective responsibilities for the prompt return and acceptance of juveniles and delinquent juveniles who become subject to the provisions of this compact. The provisions of this compact shall be reasonably and liberally construed to accomplish the purposes of Article I of this compact.

ARTICLE II

Existing Rights and Remedies

That all remedies and procedures provided by this compact shall be in addition to and not in substitution for other rights, remedies and procedures, and shall not be in derogation of parental rights and responsibilities.

ARTICLE III

Definitions

That, for the purposes of this compact, "delinquent juvenile" means any juvenile who has been adjudged delinquent and who, at the time the provisions of this compact are invoked, is still subject to the jurisdiction of the court that has made that adjudication or to the jurisdiction or supervision of an agency or institution pursuant to an order of the court; "probation or parole" means any kind of conditional release of juveniles authorized under the laws of the states party to the compact; "court" means any court having jurisdiction over delinquent, neglected or dependent children; "state" means any state, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; and "residence" or any variant of it means a place at which a home or regular place of abode is maintained.

ARTICLE IV

Return of Runaways

(a) That the parent, guardian, person or agency entitled to legal custody of a juvenile who has not been adjudged delinquent but who has run away without the consent of the parent, guardian, person or agency may petition the appropriate court in the demanding state for the issuance of a requisition for his or her return. The petition shall state the name and age of the juvenile, the name of the petitioner and the basis of entitlement to the juvenile's custody, the circumstances of his or her running away, his location if known at the time application is made, and any other facts that may tend to show that the juvenile who has run away is endangering his or her own welfare or the welfare of others and is not an emancipated minor. The petition shall be verified by affidavit, shall be executed in duplicate, and shall be accompanied by two (2) certified copies of the document or documents on which the petitioner's entitlement to the juvenile's custody is base [based], such as birth certificates, letters of guardianship, or custody decrees. Any further affidavits and other documents that may be deemed proper may be submitted with the petition. The judge of the court to which this application is made may hold a hearing on it to determine whether for the purposes of this compact the petitioner is entitled to the legal custody of the juvenile, whether or not it appears that the juvenile has in fact run away without consent, whether or not he or she is an emancipated minor, and whether or not it is in the best interest of the juvenile to compel his or her return to the state. If the judge determines, either with or without a hearing, that the juvenile should be returned, he or she shall present to the appropriate court or to the executive authority of the state where the juvenile is alleged to be located a written requisition for the return of the juvenile. The requisition shall set forth the name and age of the juvenile, the determination of the court that the juvenile has run away without the consent of a parent, guardian, person or agency entitled to his or her legal custody, and that it is in the best interest and for the protection of the juvenile that he or she be returned. In the event that a proceeding for the adjudication of the juvenile as a delinquent, neglected or dependent juvenile is pending in the court at the time when the juvenile runs away, the court may issue a requisition for the return of the juvenile upon its own motion, regardless of the consent of the parent, guardian, person or agency entitled to legal custody, reciting in it the nature and circumstances of the pending proceeding. The requisition shall in every case be executed in duplicate and shall be signed by the judge. One copy of the requisition shall be filed with the compact administrator of the demanding state, there to remain on file subject to the provisions of law governing records of such court. Upon the receipt of a requisition demanding the return of a juvenile who has run away, the court or the executive authority to whom the requisition is addressed shall issue an order to any peace officer or other appropriate person directing him to take into custody and detain the juvenile. The detention order must substantially recite the facts necessary to the validity of its issuance under this article. No juvenile detained upon the order shall be delivered over to the officer whom the court demanding him or her shall have appointed to receive him or her, unless he or she shall first be taken immediately before a judge of a court in the state, who shall inform him or her of the demand made for his or her return, and who may appoint counsel or guardian ad litem for him or her. If the judge of the court shall find that the requisition is in order, he or she shall deliver the juvenile over to the officer whom the court demanding him or her shall have appointed to receive him or her. The judge, however, may fix a reasonable time to be allowed for the purpose of testing the legality of the proceeding. Upon reasonable information that a person is a juvenile who has run away from another state party to this compact without consent of a parent, guardian, person or agency entitled to his or her legal custody, the juvenile, consistent with section 14-1-26.1, may be taken into custody without a requisition and brought immediately before a judge of the appropriate court who may appoint counsel or guardian ad litem for the juvenile and who shall determine after a hearing whether sufficient cause exists to hold the person, subject to the order of the court, for his or her own protection and welfare, for a time not exceeding ninety (90) days that will enable his or her return to another state party to this compact pursuant to the requisition for his or her return from a court of that state. If, at the time when a state seeks the return of a juvenile who has run away, there is pending in the state in which he or she is found any criminal charge, or any proceeding to have him or her adjudicated a delinquent juvenile for an act committed in that state, or if he or she is suspected of having committed within that state a criminal offense or an act of juvenile delinquency, he or she shall not be returned without the consent of that state until discharged from prosecution or other form of proceeding, imprisonment, detention or supervision for the offense or juvenile delinquency. The duly accredited officers of any state party to this compact, upon the establishment of their authority and the identity of the juvenile being returned, shall be permitted to transport the juvenile through any and all states party to this compact without interference. Upon his or her return to the state from which he or she ran away, the juvenile shall be subject to any further proceedings that may be appropriate under the laws of that state.

(b) That the state to which a juvenile is returned under this article shall be responsible for payment of the transportation costs of that return.

(c) That "juvenile" as used in this article means any person who is a minor under the law of the state of residence of the parent, guardian, person or agency entitled to the legal custody of the minor.

ARTICLE V

Return of Escapees and Absconders

(a) That the appropriate person or authority from whose probation or parole supervision a delinquent juvenile has absconded or from whose institutional custody he or she has escaped shall present to the appropriate court or to the executive authority of the state where the delinquent juvenile is alleged to be located a written requisition for the return of the delinquent juvenile. The requisition shall state the name and age of the delinquent juvenile, the particulars of his or her adjudication as a delinquent juvenile, the circumstances of the breach of the terms of his or her probation or parole or of his or her escape from an institution or agency vested with his or her legal custody or supervision, and the location of the delinquent juvenile, if known, at the time the requisition is made. The requisition shall be verified by affidavit, shall be executed in duplicate, and shall be accompanied by two (2) certified copies of the judgment, formal adjudication, or order of commitment which subjects the delinquent juvenile to probation or parole or to the legal custody of the institution or agency concerned. Any further affidavits and other documents that may be deemed proper may be submitted with the requisition. One copy of the requisition shall be filed with the compact administrator of the demanding state, there to remain on file subject to the provisions of law governing records of the appropriate court. Upon the receipt of a requisition demanding the return of a delinquent juvenile who has absconded or escaped, the court or the executive authority to whom the requisition is addressed shall issue an order to any peace officer or other appropriate person directing him or her to take into custody and detain the delinquent juvenile. The detention order must substantially recite the facts necessary to the validity of its issuance under this article. No delinquent juvenile detained upon the order shall be delivered over to the officer whom the appropriate person or authority demanding him or her shall have appointed to receive him or her, unless he or she shall first be taken immediately before a judge of an appropriate court in the state, who shall inform him or her of the demand made for his or her return and who may appoint counsel or guardian ad litem for him or her. If the judge of the court shall find that the requisition is in order, he or she shall deliver the delinquent juvenile over to the officer whom the appropriate person or authority demanding him or her shall have appointed to receive him or her. The judge, however, may fix a reasonable time to be allowed for the purpose of testing the legality of the proceeding. Upon reasonable information that a person is a delinquent juvenile who has absconded while on probation or parole, or escaped from an institution or agency vested with his or her legal custody or supervision in any state party to this compact, the person may be taken into custody in any other state party to this compact without a requisition. But in that event, he or she must be taken immediately before a judge of the appropriate court, who may appoint counsel or guardian ad litem for the person and who shall determine, after a hearing, whether sufficient cause exists to hold the person subject to the order of the court for a time, not exceeding ninety (90) days, as will enable his or her detention under a detention order issued on a requisition pursuant to this article. If, at the time when a state seeks the return of a delinquent juvenile who has either absconded while on probation or parole or escaped from an institution or agency vested with his or her legal custody or supervision, there is pending in the state in which he or she is detained any criminal charge or any proceeding to have him or her adjudicated a delinquent juvenile for an act committed in the state, or if he or she is suspected of having committed within the state a criminal offense or an act of juvenile delinquency, he or she shall not be returned without the consent of the state until discharged from prosecution or other form of proceeding, imprisonment, detention or supervision for the offense or juvenile delinquency. The duly accredited officers of any state party to this compact, upon the establishment of their authority and the identity of the delinquent juvenile being returned, shall be permitted to transport the delinquent juvenile through any and all states party to this compact, without interference. Upon his or her return to the state from which he or she escaped or absconded, the delinquent juvenile shall be subject to any further proceedings that may be appropriate under the laws of that state.

(b) That the state to which a delinquent juvenile is returned under this article shall be responsible for payment of the transportation costs of the return.

ARTICLE VI

Voluntary Return Procedure

That any delinquent juvenile who has absconded while on probation or parole, or escaped from an institution or agency vested with his or her legal custody or supervision in any state party to this compact, and any juvenile who has run away from any state party to this compact, who is taken into custody without a requisition in another state party to this compact under the provisions of article IV(a) or of article V(a), may consent to his or her immediate return to the state from which he or she absconded, escaped or ran away. Consent shall be given by the juvenile or delinquent juvenile and his or her counsel or guardian ad litem if any, by executing or subscribing a writing, in the presence of a judge of the appropriate court, which states that the juvenile or delinquent juvenile and his or her counsel or guardian ad litem, if any, consent to his or her return to the demanding state. Before the consent shall be executed or subscribed, however, the judge, in the presence of counsel or guardian ad litem, if any, shall inform the juvenile or delinquent juvenile of his or her rights under this compact. When the consent has been duly executed, it shall be forwarded to and filed with the compact administrator of the state in which the court is located and the judge shall direct the officer having the juvenile or delinquent juvenile in custody to deliver his [him] or her to the duly accredited officer or officers of the state demanding his or her return, and shall cause to be delivered to that officer or officers a copy of the consent. The court may, however, upon the request of the state to which the juvenile or delinquent juvenile is being returned, order him or her to return unaccompanied to the state and shall provide him or her with a copy of the court order; in that event a copy of the consent shall be forwarded to the compact administrator of the state to which the juvenile or delinquent juvenile is ordered to return.

ARTICLE VII

Cooperative Supervision of Probationers and Parolees

(a) That the duly constituted judicial and administrative authorities of a state party to this compact (called "sending state") may permit any delinquent juvenile within the state, placed on probation or parole, to reside in any other state party to this compact (called "receiving state") while on probation or parole, and receiving state shall accept the delinquent juvenile, if the parent, guardian or person entitled to the legal custody of the delinquent juvenile is residing or undertakes to reside within the receiving state. Before granting permission, opportunity shall be given to the receiving state to make any investigations that it deems necessary. The authorities of the sending state shall send to the authorities of the receiving state copies of pertinent court orders, social case studies and all other available information which may be of value to and assist the receiving state in supervising a probationer or parolee under this compact. A receiving state, in its discretion, may agree to accept supervision of a probationer or parolee in cases where the parent, guardian or person entitled to the legal custody of the delinquent juvenile is not a resident of the receiving state, and if so accepted the sending state may transfer supervision accordingly.

(b) That each receiving state will assume the duties of visitation and of supervision over any delinquent juvenile and in the exercise of those duties will be governed by the same standards of visitation and supervision that prevail for its own delinquent juveniles released on probation or parole.

(c) That, after consultation between the appropriate authorities of the sending state and of the receiving state as to the desirability and necessity of returning a delinquent juvenile, the duly accredited officers of a sending state may enter a receiving state and there apprehend and retake any delinquent juvenile on probation or parole. For that purpose, no formalities will be required, other than establishing the authority of the officer and the identity of the delinquent juvenile to be retaken and returned. The decision of the sending state to retake a delinquent juvenile on probation or parole shall be conclusive upon and not reviewable within the receiving state, but if at the time the sending state seeks to retake a delinquent juvenile on probation or parole, there is pending against him or her within the receiving state any criminal charge or any proceeding to have him or her adjudicated a delinquent juvenile for any act committed in the state, or if he or she is suspected of having committed within the state a criminal offense or an act of juvenile delinquency, he or she shall not be returned without the consent of the receiving state until discharge from prosecution or other form of proceeding, imprisonment, detention or supervision for such offense or juvenile delinquency. The duly accredited officers of the sending state shall be permitted to transport delinquent juveniles being so returned through any and all states party to this compact, without interference.

(d) That the sending state shall be responsible under this article for paying the costs of transporting any delinquent juvenile to the receiving state or of retuning any delinquent juvenile to the sending state.

ARTICLE VIII

Responsibility for Costs

(a) That the provisions of articles IV(b), V(b), and VII(d) of this compact shall not be construed to alter or affect any internal relationship among the departments, agencies and officers of and in the government of a party state, or between a party state and its subdivisions, as to the payment of costs, or responsibilities for them.

(b) That nothing in this compact shall be construed to prevent any party state or subdivision from asserting any right against any person, agency or other entity in regard to costs for which the party state or subdivision may be responsible pursuant to articles IV(b), V(b), or VII(d) of this compact.

ARTICLE IX

Detention Practices

That, to every extent possible it shall be the policy of states party to this compact that no juvenile or delinquent juvenile shall be placed or detained in any prison, jail or lockup nor be detained or transported in association with criminal, vicious or dissolute persons.

ARTICLE X

Supplementary Agreements

That the duly constituted administrative authorities of a state party to this compact may enter into supplementary agreements with any other state or states party to this compact for the cooperative care, treatment and rehabilitation of delinquent juveniles whenever they shall find that the agreements will improve the facilities or programs available for the care, treatment and rehabilitation. The care, treatment and rehabilitation may be provided in an institution located within any state entering into the supplementary agreement. Any supplementary agreements shall: (1) provide the rates to be paid for the care, treatment and custody of delinquent juveniles, taking into consideration the character of facilities, services and subsistence furnished; (2) provide that the delinquent juvenile shall be given a court hearing prior to his or her being sent to another state for care, treatment and custody; (3) provide that the state receiving such a delinquent juvenile in one of its institutions shall act solely as agent for the state sending the delinquent juvenile; (4) provide that the sending state shall at all times retain jurisdiction over delinquent juveniles sent to an institution in another state; (5) provide for reasonable inspection of the institutions by the sending state; (6) provide that the consent of the parent, guardian person or agency entitled to the legal custody of the delinquent juvenile shall be secured prior to his or her being sent to another state; and (7) make provision for such other matters and details as shall be necessary to protect the rights and equities of such delinquent juveniles and of the co-operating states.

ARTICLE XI

Acceptance of Federal and Other Aid

That any state party to this compact may accept any and all donations, gifts and grants of money, equipment and services from the federal or any local government, or any agency of the federal or any local government and from any person, firm or corporation, for any of the purposes and functions of this compact, and may receive and utilize the same subject to the terms, conditions and regulations governing donations, gifts and grants.

ARTICLE XII

Compact Administrators

That the governor of each state party to this compact shall designate an officer who, acting jointly with like officers of other party states, shall promulgate rules and regulations to carry out more effectively the terms and provisions of this compact.

ARTICLE XIII

Executive of Compact

That this compact shall become operative immediately upon its execution by any state as between it and any other state or states so executing. When executed it shall have the full force and effect of law within the state, the form of execution to be in accordance with the laws of the executing state.

ARTICLE XIV

Renunciation

That this compact shall continue in force and remain binding upon each executing state until renounced by it. Renunciation of this compact shall be by the same authority which executed it, by sending six (6) months notice in writing of its intention to withdraw from the compact to the other states party to it. The duties and obligations of a renouncing state under Article VII of this compact shall continue as to parolees and probationers residing in that state at the time of withdrawal until retaken or finally discharged. Supplementary agreements entered into under Article X of this compact shall be subject to renunciation as provided by any supplementary agreements, and shall not be subject to the six (6) months' renunciation notice of the present article.

ARTICLE XV

Severability

That the provisions of this compact shall be severable and if any phrase, clause, sentence or provision of this compact is declared to be contrary to the constitution of any participating state or of the United States or its applicability to any government, agency, person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this compact and its applicability to any government, agency, person or circumstance shall not be affected by it. If this compact shall be held contrary to the constitution of any state participating in it, the compact shall remain in full force and effect as to the remaining states and in full force and effect as to the state affected as to all severable matters.

History of Section.
(P.L. 2006, ch. 178, § 2; P.L. 2006, ch. 179, § 2.)