§ 21-31-16.1. Substitution of generic drugs and biological products.
(a) Drug product selection. The director shall permit substitution of less expensive generic, chemical, or brand-name drugs and pharmaceuticals, excluding biological products, considered by the director as therapeutically equivalent and interchangeable with specific, brand-name drugs and pharmaceuticals, if they are found to be in compliance with § 21-31-16 and standards set forth by the United States Food and Drug Administration under §§ 505 and 507 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, 21 U.S.C. §§ 355 and 357. The director shall consider, but not be limited to, the determination of the United States Food and Drug Administration, or its successor agency, as published under §§ 505 and 507 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The director shall provide for the distribution of copies of lists of prescription drug products that the director deems, after evaluation, not to be therapeutically equivalent, and revisions to the lists, among physicians and pharmacists licensed and actively engaged in practice within the state, and other appropriate individuals, and shall supply a copy to any person on request. The list shall be revised from time to time so as to include new, pertinent information on approved prescription-drug products, reflecting current information as to standards for quality, safety, effectiveness, and therapeutic equivalence.
(b) Appropriations. The director shall provide necessary space, personnel, and material to carry out the provisions of this section.
(c) Liability. There shall be no civil liability incurred, and no cause of action of any nature shall arise, against the director, designated agents, or employees, as a result of the listing or omission of drugs or pharmaceuticals or biological products for product selection.
(d) Annual reports. The director shall make annual reports to the general assembly by February 10 of each year showing a list of approved prescription-drug products with therapeutic equivalence and approved prescription interchangeable biological products, and an estimate of the average savings to the general public.
(e) Pharmacists. When a pharmacist dispenses a therapeutically equivalent drug product or interchangeable biological product, there shall be no additional liability imposed on the prescriber who authorizes that product selection, or on the pharmacist dispensing the product selection from a physician's oral or written order.
(f) Enforcement provisions. It is made the duty of the department of health, its agents designated by the director of health, and of all peace officers within the state to enforce all provisions of this section and of §§ 5-19.1-19, 5-37-18 5-37-18.2, and 21-31-3.
The director shall permit substitution of a less-expensive biological product, as defined in § 5-19.1-2, for a prescribed biological product only if said less-expensive biological product is an interchangeable biological product as defined in § 5-19.1-2. The director shall maintain on the Rhode Island state department of health website, a link to the current list of each biological product determined by the United States Food and Drug Administration to be an interchangeable biological product.
(P.L. 1981, ch. 88, § 1; P.L. 2016, ch. 178, § 3; P.L. 2016, ch. 193, § 3.)