TITLE 23
Health and Safety

CHAPTER 23-18.9
Refuse Disposal

SECTION 23-18.9-14


§ 23-18.9-14 Testing and analysis of air and water – Environmental management district.

(a) Applicability. This section applies to all solid waste management facilities/activities regulated pursuant to this chapter that are undertaken within and in the vicinity of an area known as the environmental management district, located in the town of Johnston and the city of Cranston; the district is bounded by Plainfield Pike on the south; Peck Hill Road on the west; Central Avenue on the north; and I-295 on the east.

(b) On-site monitoring.

(1) The director of the department of environmental management (DEM), in consultation with the director of the department of health (DOH), is authorized to promulgate any rules and regulations that are necessary to require the development and implementation of onsite ambient air and water monitoring plans for all facilities/activities covered by this section. The regulations shall be promulgated no later than December 31, 2000, and shall be subject to the Administrative Procedures Act, chapter 35 of title 42. These regulations shall, at a minimum, provide for the following:

(i) Define the minimum criteria that shall require the development and implementation of an onsite ambient air and water monitoring plan;

(ii) Establish the time period that a facility/activity shall have to initially prepare an onsite ambient air and water monitoring plan and submit it to DEM for review;

(iii) Define the minimum content that shall be included in an onsite ambient air and water monitoring plan;

(iv) Establish the criteria that DEM shall use for review and approval of an onsite ambient air and water monitoring plan;

(v) Establish the criteria that DEM shall use for determining how long an approved onsite ambient air and water monitoring plan must remain in effect and the criteria for termination of an approved onsite ambient air and water monitoring plan; and

(vi) Define the process for public involvement in the development and review of onsite ambient air and water monitoring plans.

(2) The facility shall implement the outside ambient air and water monitoring plan within thirty (30) days of DEM approval. Data collected under onsite ambient air and water monitoring plans shall be evaluated by both DEM and DOH. DOH shall provide a written evaluation of this data to the host community(s), the facility(s), any oversight council or organization that focuses on the environmental management district, and any members of the public who request the evaluation.

(3) Should a facility not abide by the newly promulgated rules and regulations requiring a party to conduct an onsite ambient air and water monitoring plan, the director shall take enforcement action to compel those activities. The director may, at his or her discretion, prepare and implement an onsite ambient air and water monitoring plan for facilities that do not comply with the order. The facility shall be responsible to reimburse DEM for all costs, including interest, incurred in developing and implementing a plan.

(c) Offsite monitoring. (1) If, upon the evaluation of data provided pursuant to subsection (b), the DEM and DOH directors jointly determine that any facility/activity is causing emissions of air or water pollutants at levels that could cause adverse health impacts, create objectionable or nuisance odors, or otherwise adversely impact human health or the environment, either individually or in conjunction with other sources in the surrounding community(s), the DEM director, in consultation with the DOH director, is authorized to require the facility(s)/activity(s) to develop and implement offsite ambient air and/or water monitoring plans within the environmental management district. Regulations governing the development and implementation of these offsite plans shall be promulgated in conjunction with, and subject to the same provisions as those authorized under subsection (b).

(2) Any facility subject to the offsite monitoring requirement shall implement the offsite ambient air and/or water monitoring plan within thirty (30) days of DEM approval. Data collected under offsite ambient air and/or water monitoring plans shall be evaluated by both DEM and DOH. DOH shall provide a written evaluation of this data to the host community(s), the facility(s), any oversight council or organization that focuses on the environmental management district, and any members of the public who request the evaluation.

(3) Should a facility not abide by the newly promulgated rules and regulations requiring a party to conduct an offsite ambient air and/or water monitoring plan, the director shall take enforcement action to compel those activities. The director may, at his or her discretion, prepare and implement an offsite ambient air and/or water monitoring plan for facilities that do not comply with the order. That facility shall be responsible to reimburse DEM for all costs, including interest, incurred in developing and implementing a plan.

(d) Ambient monitoring. In addition to any off-site monitoring required pursuant to subsection (c) above, Rhode Island Resource Recovery Corporation shall establish and operate an off-site ambient air monitoring network consisting of not less than six (6) monitoring locations, four (4) of which shall be located in Johnston and two (2) of which shall be located in Cranston. The objective of the monitoring network shall be to continuously monitor ambient air for the presence of odorous contaminants from landfill gas. Wind speed and wind direction shall also be recorded continuously at the monitoring locations. The locations of said monitors shall be determined by the department of environmental management, in consultation with the host community of the subject monitor. The contaminants of concern to be monitored and the methodology of monitoring shall be determined by the department of environmental management, in consultation with the department of health. Results from monitoring shall be submitted to the department of environmental management, the department of health, the town of Johnston, the city of Cranston, and posted on a publicly accessible page on the Rhode Island Resource Recovery Corporation website for reference by the public. All costs of purchasing, installing, and operating the monitoring network shall be paid by Rhode Island Resource Recovery Corporation.

History of Section.
(P.L. 2000, ch. 288, § 1; P.L. 2012, ch. 271, § 1; P.L. 2012, ch. 279, § 1.)