TITLE 23
Health and Safety

CHAPTER 23-28.12
Schools

PART 23-28.12-1
New School Buildings

SECTION 23-28.12-15


§ 23-28.12-15 Fire alarm systems.

(a) It shall be the duty of the principal or other person in charge of every public school or private school, college, university, or postsecondary institution or educational institution within the state, having more than twenty-five (25) pupils, to instruct and train the pupils by means of drills, so that they may, in a sudden emergency, be able to leave school buildings and dormitories in the shortest possible time and without confusion or panic. Notwithstanding other provisions of this section, in all schools or buildings used for educational purposes through the twelfth (12th) grade by six (6) or more persons for four (4) or more hours per day or more than twelve (12) hours per week, there shall be not less than one emergency egress drill conducted every month the facility is in session with all occupants of the building participating in said drill. One additional emergency egress drill shall be conducted in buildings that are not open on a year-round basis within the first (1st) thirty (30) days of operation. At least one out of every four (4) emergency egress drills or rapid dismissals shall be obstructed by means of which at least one or more exits and stairways in the school building are blocked off or not used. In addition, there shall be two (2) evacuation drills and two (2) lockdown drills. Evacuation drills shall be designed and conducted for use when conditions outside the school building are safer than conditions inside the building. Lockdown drills shall be designed and conducted for use to protect school building occupants from potential dangers in the building, and one shall be held in September and one in January, and in conjunction with the local police whenever possible.

(b)(1) In colleges, universities, postsecondary institutions, and residence facilities in public schools or private schools, there shall be at least four (4) drills or rapid dismissals during the academic year for each school building or residence facility, at least two (2) of which shall be held between the months of September through December. The remaining two (2) drills shall be held between the months of January through June. Any college, university, or postsecondary institution that holds a summer session shall hold a drill or rapid dismissal during the first (1st) full week of the summer session.

(2) At least one drill or rapid dismissal shall be obstructed so that at least one or more exits or stairways in the school building or dormitory are blocked off or not used.

(c) For purposes of this section, "residence facility" means a dormitory, fraternity, sorority, or any other type of residence hall, whether on campus or off campus, owned or leased by a college, university, postsecondary institution, public school, or private school with accommodations for twenty (20) or more students.

(d) Notwithstanding other provisions of this section, fire drills shall be required in colleges or universities only for buildings that are used as a residence facility.

(e) Neglect by any principal or any person in charge of any public or private school or educational institution to comply with the provisions of this section shall be a violation punishable by a fine not exceeding two hundred dollars ($200).

(f) Written reports, on forms supplied by the department of elementary and secondary education, of each fire drill shall be completed immediately upon termination of every drill and shall be available for review by the fire marshal, assistant deputy fire marshal, or local fire authority. The fire marshal, assistant deputy fire marshal, or local fire authority may require that a fire drill be conducted in his or her presence.

History of Section.
(P.L. 1976, ch. 271, § 8; P.L. 1983, ch. 245, § 5; P.L. 2004, ch. 220, § 13; P.L. 2004, ch. 225, § 13; P.L. 2013, ch. 337, § 2; P.L. 2013, ch. 439, § 2; P.L. 2014, ch. 153, § 1; P.L. 2014, ch. 170, § 1.)