TITLE 23
Health and Safety

CHAPTER 23-28.28
Explosives

SECTION 23-28.28-35


§ 23-28.28-35 Forfeiture of vehicles, vessels, or aircraft.

(a) Any vehicle, vessel, or aircraft being used to transport any explosives as defined under this chapter shall be seized and forfeited to the state if that vehicle, vessel, or aircraft is not being used by a person licensed to blast or a permittee to transport or possess explosives; provided, that no vehicle, vessel, or aircraft used by any person shall be forfeited under the provisions of this chapter unless it shall appear that the owner of the vehicle, vessel, or aircraft had knowledge, actual or constructive, and was a consenting party to the alleged illegal act.

(b) Any law enforcement agency whose duty it is to enforce the laws of this state is empowered to authorize designated officers or agents to carry out the seizure provisions of this chapter. It shall be the duty of any officer or agent so authorized, designated, or authorized by law, whenever he or she shall discover any vehicle, vessel, or aircraft which has been or is being used in violation of any provisions of this chapter, or in, upon, or by means of which any violation of this chapter has taken or is taking place, to seize such vehicle, vessel, or aircraft and to place it in the custody of such person as may be authorized or designated for that purpose by the respective law enforcement agency pursuant to these provisions.

(c) The attorney general shall proceed pursuant to §§ 12-21-23 – 12-21-32 to show cause why the vehicle, vessel, or aircraft shall be forfeited to the use of, or the sale by, the law enforcement agency making the seizure on producing due proof that the vehicle, vessel, or aircraft was being used in violation of the provisions of this chapter. Notice to the owner thereof of the seizure and of the time set for hearing thereon shall not be less than five (5) days nor more than fifteen (15) days after the seizure. When it appears by affidavit that the residence of the owner of a vehicle, vessel, or aircraft is out of the state or is unknown to the attorney general the court shall appoint an attorney to represent the absent owner within ten (10) days after the application. The affidavit may be made by the attorney general or one of his or her assistants. The attorney so appointed may waive service and citation of the petition but shall not waive time or any legal defense. At all times herein notice shall also be given to all recorded lienholders and the use or sale of any vehicle, vessel, or aircraft forfeited under this chapter shall be subject to the rights of those recorded lienholders.

History of Section.
(P.L. 1979, ch. 313, § 2.)