CHAPTER 27-14.3
Insurers' Rehabilitation and Liquidation Act

SECTION 27-14.3-25

§ 27-14.3-25. Powers of liquidator.

(a) The liquidator shall have the power:

(1) To appoint a special deputy or deputies to act for him or her under this chapter, and to determine his or her reasonable compensation. The special deputy shall have all of the powers of the liquidator granted by this section. The special deputy shall serve at the pleasure of the liquidator;

(2) To employ employees and agents, legal counsel, actuaries, accountants, appraisers, consultants, and any other personnel as he or she may deem necessary to assist in the liquidation;

(3) To appoint, with the approval of the court, an advisory committee of policyholders, claimants, or other creditors including guaranty associations should a committee be deemed necessary; provided, that if a nonprofit hospital service corporation, nonprofit medical service corporation, or nonprofit dental service corporation is subject to an order of liquidation, the commissioner shall appoint an advisory committee of creditors to include Rhode Island nonprofit hospitals. The committee shall serve at the pleasure of the commissioner and shall serve without compensation other than reimbursement for reasonable travel and per diem living expenses. No other committee of any nature shall be appointed by the commissioner or the court in liquidation proceedings conducted under this chapter;

(4) To fix the reasonable compensation of employees and agents, legal counsel, actuaries, accountants, appraisers, and consultants with the approval of the court and may reimburse from the assets of the insurer the division of insurance and its agents and consultants at the statutory examination rate and/or reasonable agents' or consultants' rates for reasonable costs incurred in the examination and investigation in anticipation of liquidation, and in the liquidation of the insurer, those fees are to be Class 1 expenses of administration pursuant to § 27-14.3-46;

(5) To pay reasonable compensation to persons appointed and to defray from the funds or assets of the insurer all of the expenses of taking possession of, conserving, conducting, liquidating, disposing of, or dealing with the business and property of the insurer. In the event that the property of the insurer does not contain sufficient cash or liquid assets to defray the incurred costs, the commissioner may advance the incurred costs out of any appropriation for the maintenance of the insurance department. Any advanced amounts for the expenses of administration shall be repaid to the commissioner for the use of the insurance department out of the first available moneys of the insurer;

(6) To hold hearings, to subpoena witnesses to compel their attendance, to administer oaths, to examine any person under oath, and to compel any person to subscribe to his or her testimony after it has been correctly reduced to writing, and in connection with this to require the production of any books, papers, records or other documents which he or she deems relevant to the inquiry;

(7) To audit the books and records of all agents or insurance producers of the insurer insofar as those records relate to the business activities of the insurer;

(8) To collect all debts and moneys due and claims belonging to the insurer, wherever located, and for this purpose:

(i) To institute timely action in other jurisdictions in order to forestall garnishment and attachment proceedings against the debts;

(ii) To do any other acts as are necessary or expedient to collect, conserve, or protect its assets or property, including the power to sell, compound, compromise, or assign debts for the purposes of collection upon any terms and conditions as he or she deems best; and

(iii) To pursue any creditor's remedies available to enforce his or her claims;

(9) To conduct public and private sales of the property of the insurer;

(10) To use assets of the estate of an insurer under a liquidation order to transfer policy obligations to a solvent assuming insurer, if the transfer can be arranged without prejudice to applicable priorities under § 27-14.3-46;

(11) To acquire, hypothecate, encumber, lease, improve, sell, transfer, abandon, or dispose of or deal with any property of the insurer at its market value or upon terms and conditions as are fair and reasonable. He or she shall also have the power to execute, acknowledge, and deliver any and all deeds, assignments, releases, and other instruments necessary or proper to effectuate any sale of property or other transaction in connection with the liquidation;

(12) To borrow money on the security of the insurer's assets or without security and to execute and deliver all documents necessary to that transaction for the purpose of facilitating the liquidation. Any funds borrowed may be repaid as an administrative expense and have priority over any other claims in § 27-14.3-46(a)(1), Class 1, under the priority of distribution;

(13) To enter into any contracts as are necessary to carry out the order to liquidate, and to affirm or disavow any contracts to which the insurer is a party;

(14) To continue to prosecute and to institute in the name of the insurer or in his or her own name any and all suits and other legal proceedings, in this state or another place, and to abandon the prosecution of claims he or she deems unprofitable to pursue further. If the insurer is dissolved under § 27-14.3-24, he or she shall have the power to apply to any court in this state or another place for leave to substitute himself for the insurer as plaintiff;

(15) To prosecute any action which may exist in behalf of the creditors, members, policyholders, or shareholders of the insurer against any officer or director of the insurer, or any other person;

(16) To remove any or all records and property of the insurer to the offices of the commissioner or to any other place as may be convenient for the purposes of efficient and orderly execution of the liquidation. Guaranty associations and foreign guaranty associations shall have reasonable access to the records of the insurer as is necessary for them to carry out their statutory obligations;

(17) To deposit in one or more banks in this state those sums as are required for meeting current administration expenses and dividend distributions;

(18) To invest all sums not currently needed, unless the court orders otherwise;

(19) To file any necessary documents for record in the office of any recorder of deeds or record office in this state or another place where property of the insurer is located;

(20) To assert all defenses available to the insurer as against third persons, including statutes of limitations, statutes of frauds, and the defense of usury. A waiver of any defense by the insurer after a petition in liquidation has been filed shall not bind the liquidator. Whenever a guaranty association or foreign guaranty association has an obligation to defend any suit, the liquidator shall give precedence to that obligation and may defend only in the absence of a defense by the guaranty associations;

(21) To exercise and enforce all of the rights, remedies, and powers of any creditor, shareholder, policyholder, or member including any power to avoid any transfer or lien that may be given by the general laws and that is not included with §§ 27-14.3-30 – 27-14.3-32;

(22) To intervene in any proceeding wherever instituted that might lead to the appointment of a receiver or trustee, and to act as the receiver or trustee whenever the appointment is offered;

(23) To enter into agreements with any receiver or commissioner of any other state relating to the rehabilitation, liquidation, conservation, or dissolution of an insurer doing business in both states; and

(24) To exercise all of the powers now held or after this conferred upon receivers by the laws of this state not inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter.

(b) The enumeration in this section of the powers and authority of the liquidator shall not be construed as a limitation upon him or her, nor shall it exclude in any manner his or her right to do any other acts not specifically enumerated or provided for in this section as may be necessary or appropriate for the accomplishment of or in aid of the purpose of liquidation.

(c) Notwithstanding the powers of the liquidator as stated in subsections (a) and (b) of this section, the liquidator shall have no obligation to defend claims or to continue to defend claims subsequent to the entry of a liquidation order.

History of Section.
(P.L. 1993, ch. 248, § 1; P.L. 2008, ch. 475, § 80.)