TITLE 27
Insurance

CHAPTER 27-18.6
Large Group Health Insurance Coverage

SECTION 27-18.6-2


§ 27-18.6-2 Definitions.

The following words and phrases as used in this chapter have the following meanings unless a different meaning is required by the context:

(1) "Affiliation period" means a period which, under the terms of the health insurance coverage offered by a health maintenance organization, must expire before the health insurance coverage becomes effective. The health maintenance organization is not required to provide health care services or benefits during the period and no premium shall be charged to the participant or beneficiary for any coverage during the period;

(2) "Beneficiary" has the meaning given that term under section 3(8) of the Employee Retirement Security Act of 1974, 29 U.S.C. § 1002(8);

(3) "Bona fide association" means, with respect to health insurance coverage in this state, an association which:

(i) Has been actively in existence for at least five (5) years;

(ii) Has been formed and maintained in good faith for purposes other than obtaining insurance;

(iii) Does not condition membership in the association on any health status-relating factor relating to an individual (including an employee of an employer or a dependent of an employee);

(iv) Makes health insurance coverage offered through the association available to all members regardless of any health status-related factor relating to the members (or individuals eligible for coverage through a member);

(v) Does not make health insurance coverage offered through the association available other than in connection with a member of the association;

(vi) Is composed of persons having a common interest or calling;

(vii) Has a constitution and bylaws; and

(viii) Meets any additional requirements that the director may prescribe by regulation;

(4) "COBRA continuation provision" means any of the following:

(i) Section 4980(B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, 26 U.S.C. § 4980B, other than the subsection (f)(1) of that section insofar as it relates to pediatric vaccines;

(ii) Part 6 of subtitle B of title 1 of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, 29 U.S.C. § 1161 et seq., other than section 609 of that act, 29 U.S.C. § 1169; or

(iii) Title XXII of the United States Public Health Service Act, 42 U.S.C. § 300bb-1 et seq.;

(5) "Creditable coverage" has the same meaning as defined in the United States Public Health Service Act, section 2701(c), 42 U.S.C. § 300gg(c), as added by P.L. 104-191;

(6) "Church plan" has the meaning given that term under section 3(33) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, 29 U.S.C. § 1002(33);

(7) "Director" means the director of the department of business regulation;

(8) "Employee" has the meaning given that term under section 3(6) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, 29 U.S.C. § 1002(6);

(9) "Employer" has the meaning given that term under section 3(5) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, 29 U.S.C. § 1002(5), except that the term includes only employers of two (2) or more employees;

(10) "Enrollment date" means, with respect to an individual covered under a group health plan or health insurance coverage, the date of enrollment of the individual in the plan or coverage or, if earlier, the first day of the waiting period for the enrollment;

(11) "Governmental plan" has the meaning given that term under section 3(32) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, 29 U.S.C. § 1002(32), and includes any governmental plan established or maintained for its employees by the government of the United States, the government of any state or political subdivision of the state, or by any agency or instrumentality of government;

(12) "Group health insurance coverage" means, in connection with a group health plan, health insurance coverage offered in connection with that plan;

(13) "Group health plan" means an employee welfare benefits plan as defined in section 3(1) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, 29 U.S.C. § 1002(1), to the extent that the plan provides medical care and including items and services paid for as medical care to employees or their dependents as defined under the terms of the plan directly or through insurance, reimbursement or otherwise;

(14) "Health insurance carrier" or "carrier" means any entity subject to the insurance laws and regulations of this state, or subject to the jurisdiction of the director, that contracts or offers to contract to provide, deliver, arrange for, pay for, or reimburse any of the costs of health care services, including, without limitation, an insurance company offering accident and sickness insurance, a health maintenance organization, a nonprofit hospital, medical or dental service corporation, or any other entity providing a plan of health insurance, health benefits, or health services;

(15)(i) "Health insurance coverage" means a policy, contract, certificate, or agreement offered by a health insurance carrier to provide, deliver, arrange for, pay for, or reimburse any of the costs of health care services. Health insurance coverage does include short-term and catastrophic health insurance policies, and a policy that pays on a cost-incurred basis, except as otherwise specifically exempted in this definition;

(ii) "Health insurance coverage" does not include one or more, or any combination of, the following "excepted benefits":

(A) Coverage only for accident, or disability income insurance, or any combination of those;

(B) Coverage issued as a supplement to liability insurance;

(C) Liability insurance, including general liability insurance and automobile liability insurance;

(D) Workers' compensation or similar insurance;

(E) Automobile medical payment insurance;

(F) Credit-only insurance;

(G) Coverage for on-site medical clinics; and

(H) Other similar insurance coverage, specified in federal regulations issued pursuant to P.L. 104-191, under which benefits for medical care are secondary or incidental to other insurance benefits;

(iii) "Health insurance coverage" does not include the following "limited, excepted benefits" if they are provided under a separate policy, certificate of insurance, or are not an integral part of the plan:

(A) Limited scope dental or vision benefits;

(B) Benefits for long-term care, nursing home care, home health care, community-based care, or any combination of those; and

(C) Any other similar, limited benefits that are specified in federal regulations issued pursuant to P.L. 104-191;

(iv) "Health insurance coverage" does not include the following "noncoordinated, excepted benefits" if the benefits are provided under a separate policy, certificate, or contract of insurance, there is no coordination between the provision of the benefits and any exclusion of benefits under any group health plan maintained by the same plan sponsor, and the benefits are paid with respect to an event without regard to whether benefits are provided with respect to the event under any group health plan maintained by the same plan sponsor:

(A) Coverage only for a specified disease or illness; and

(B) Hospital indemnity or other fixed indemnity insurance;

(v) "Health insurance coverage" does not include the following "supplemental, excepted benefits" if offered as a separate policy, certificate, or contract of insurance:

(A) Medicare supplemental health insurance as defined under section 1882(g)(1) of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1395ss(g)(1);

(B) Coverage supplemental to the coverage provided under 10 U.S.C. § 1071 et seq.; and

(C) Similar supplemental coverage provided to coverage under a group health plan;

(16) "Health maintenance organization" ("HMO") means a health maintenance organization licensed under chapter 41 of this title;

(17) "Health status-related factor" means any of the following factors:

(i) Health status;

(ii) Medical condition, including both physical and mental illnesses;

(iii) Claims experience;

(iv) Receipt of health care;

(v) Medical history;

(vi) Genetic information;

(vii) Evidence of insurability, including contributions arising out of acts of domestic violence; and

(viii) Disability;

(18) "Large employer" means, in connection with a group health plan with respect to a calendar year and a plan year, an employer who employed an average of at least fifty-one (51) employees on business days during the preceding calendar year and who employs at least two (2) employees on the first day of the plan year. In the case of an employer which was not in existence throughout the preceding calendar year, the determination of whether the employer is a large employer shall be based on the average number of employees that is reasonably expected the employer will employ on business days in the current calendar year;

(19) "Large group market" means the health insurance market under which individuals obtain health insurance coverage (directly or through any arrangement) on behalf of themselves (and their dependents) through a group health plan maintained by a large employer;

(20) "Late enrollee" means, with respect to coverage under a group health plan, a participant or beneficiary who enrolls under the plan other than during:

(i) The first period in which the individual is eligible to enroll under the plan; or

(ii) A special enrollment period;

(21) "Medical care" means amounts paid for:

(i) The diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, or amounts paid for the purpose of affecting any structure or function of the body;

(ii) Amounts paid for transportation primarily for and essential to medical care referred to in paragraph (i) of this subdivision; and

(iii) Amounts paid for insurance covering medical care referred to in paragraphs (i) and (ii) of this subdivision;

(22) "Network plan" means health insurance coverage offered by a health insurance carrier under which the financing and delivery of medical care including items and services paid for as medical care are provided, in whole or in part, through a defined set of providers under contract with the carrier;

(23) "Participant" has the meaning given such term under section 3(7) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, 29 U.S.C. § 1002(7);

(24) "Placed for adoption" means, in connection with any placement for adoption of a child with any person, the assumption and retention by that person of a legal obligation for total or partial support of the child in anticipation of adoption of the child. The child's placement with the person terminates upon the termination of the legal obligation;

(25) "Plan sponsor" has the meaning given that term under section 3(16)(B) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, 29 U.S.C. § 1002(16)(B). "Plan sponsor" also includes any bona fide association, as defined in this section;

(26) "Preexisting condition exclusion" means, with respect to health insurance coverage, a limitation or exclusion of benefits relating to a condition based on the fact that the condition was present before the date of enrollment for the coverage, whether or not any medical advice, diagnosis, care or treatment was recommended or received before the date; and

(27) "Waiting period" means, with respect to a group health plan and an individual who is a potential participant or beneficiary in the plan, the period that must pass with respect to the individual before the individual is eligible to be covered for benefits under the terms of the plan.

History of Section.
(P.L. 2000, ch. 200, § 4; P.L. 2000, ch. 229, § 4; P.L. 2006, ch. 377, § 1; P.L. 2006, ch. 469, § 1.)