§ 27-18-76. Emergency services.
(a) As used in this section:
(1) "Emergency medical condition" means a medical condition manifesting itself by acute symptoms of sufficient severity (including severe pain) so that a prudent layperson, who possesses an average knowledge of health and medicine, could reasonably expect the absence of immediate medical attention to result in a condition: (i) Placing the health of the individual, or with respect to a pregnant woman her unborn child, in serious jeopardy; (ii) Constituting a serious impairment to bodily functions; or (iii) Constituting a serious dysfunction of any bodily organ or part.
(2) "Emergency services" means, with respect to an emergency medical condition:
(A) A medical screening examination (as required under section 1867 of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1395dd) that is within the capability of the emergency department of a hospital, including ancillary services routinely available to the emergency department to evaluate such emergency medical condition, and
(B) Such further medical examination and treatment, to the extent they are within the capabilities of the staff and facilities available at the hospital, as are required under section 1867 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. § 1395dd) to stabilize the patient.
(3) "Stabilize", with respect to an emergency medical condition has the meaning given in § 1867(e)(3) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. § 1395dd(e)(3)).
(b) If a health insurance carrier offering health insurance coverage provides any benefits with respect to services in an emergency department of a hospital, the carrier must cover emergency services in compliance with this section.
(c) A health insurance carrier shall provide coverage for emergency services in the following manner:
(1) Without the need for any prior authorization determination, even if the emergency services are provided on an out-of-network basis;
(2) Without regard to whether the health care provider furnishing the emergency services is a participating network provider with respect to the services;
(3) If the emergency services are provided out of network, without imposing any administrative requirement or limitation on coverage that is more restrictive than the requirements or limitations that apply to emergency services received from in-network providers;
(4) If the emergency services are provided out of network, by complying with the cost-sharing requirements of subsection (d) of this section; and
(5) Without regard to any other term or condition of the coverage, other than:
(A) The exclusion of or coordination of benefits;
(B) An affiliation or waiting period permitted under part 7 of federal ERISA, part A of title XXVII of the federal PHS Act, or chapter 100 of the federal Internal Revenue Code; or
(C) Applicable cost-sharing.
(d)(1) Any cost-sharing requirement expressed as a copayment amount or coinsurance rate imposed with respect to a participant or beneficiary for out-of-network emergency services cannot exceed the cost-sharing requirement imposed with respect to a participant or beneficiary if the services were provided in-network; provided, however, that a participant or beneficiary may be required to pay, in addition to the in-network cost-sharing, the excess of the amount the out-of-network provider charges over the amount the health insurance carrier is required to pay under subdivision (1) of this subsection. A health insurance carrier complies with the requirements of this subsection if it provides benefits with respect to an emergency service in an amount equal to the greatest of the three amounts specified in subdivisions (A), (B), and (C) of this subdivision (1) (which are adjusted for in-network cost-sharing requirements).
(A) The amount negotiated with in-network providers for the emergency service furnished, excluding any in-network copayment or coinsurance imposed with respect to the participant or beneficiary. If there is more than one amount negotiated with in-network providers for the emergency service, the amount described under this subdivision (A) is the median of these amounts, excluding any in-network copayment or coinsurance imposed with respect to the participant or beneficiary. In determining the median described in the preceding sentence, the amount negotiated with each in-network provider is treated as a separate amount (even if the same amount is paid to more than one provider). If there is no per-service amount negotiated with in-network providers (such as under a capitation or other similar payment arrangement), the amount under this subdivision (A) is disregarded.
(B) The amount for the emergency service shall be calculated using the same method the plan generally uses to determine payments for out-of-network services (such as the usual, customary, and reasonable amount), excluding any in-network copayment or coinsurance imposed with respect to the participant or beneficiary. The amount in this subdivision (B) is determined without reduction for out-of-network cost-sharing that generally applies under the plan or health insurance coverage with respect to out-of-network services.
(C) The amount that would be paid under Medicare (part A or part B of title XVIII of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1395 et seq.) for the emergency service, excluding any in-network copayment or coinsurance imposed with respect to the participant or beneficiary.
(2) Any cost-sharing requirement other than a copayment or coinsurance requirement (such as a deductible or out-of-pocket maximum) may be imposed with respect to emergency services provided out of network if the cost-sharing requirement generally applies to out-of-network benefits. A deductible may be imposed with respect to out-of-network emergency services only as part of a deductible that generally applies to out-of-network benefits. If an out-of-pocket maximum generally applies to out-of-network benefits, that out-of-pocket maximum must apply to out-of-network emergency services.
(e) The provisions of this section apply for plan years beginning on or after September 23, 2010.
(f) This section shall not apply to grandfathered health plans. This section shall not apply to insurance coverage providing benefits for: (1) hospital confinement indemnity; (2) disability income; (3) accident only; (4) long term care; (5) Medicare supplement; (6) limited benefit health; (7) specified disease indemnity; (8) sickness or bodily injury or death by accident or both; and (9) other limited benefit policies.
(P.L. 2012, ch. 256, § 2; P.L. 2012, ch. 262, § 2.)