§ 28-43-12. Adjustments Refund of overpayments.
(a) If an employer makes application for refund or credit of any amount paid as contributions or interest under this title and the director determines that the amount or any portion of it was erroneously collected, the director shall, in his or her discretion, either allow a credit for it, or by voucher duly drawn by the director in an amount and in a manner that the director may prescribe, direct the general treasurer to pay the amount determined to be erroneously collected from the clearance account of the employment security fund or, in the event of an overpayment of interest, from the employment security interest fund. If, in the discretion of the director, a credit is to be allowed, that credit shall be applied against the payment or payments of contributions next due from the employer subsequent to the determination of the director. No refund or credit shall be allowed with respect to a payment as contributions or interest, unless an application for it is made in writing on or before whichever of the following dates is later: (1) one year from the date on which the payment was made; or (2) three (3) years from the last day of the period with respect to which the payment was made. For a like cause and within the same period a refund may be made, or a credit allowed, on the motion of the director. If the director determines that contributions or interest were erroneously paid to this state on wages insured under the employment security law of some other state or of the federal government, refund or adjustment of the payment may be made without interest, irrespective of the time limits provided in this section, on the submission of proof satisfactory to the director that contributions or interest on the wages have been paid to the other state or to the federal government. No interest shall be allowed or paid with respect to any refund. No refund or credit shall be allowed if the amount involved is less than one dollar ($1.00). Nothing in this title, or any part of it, shall be construed to authorize any refund or credit of money due and payable under the law and regulations in effect at the time the money was paid, except that refunds to federal instrumentalities may be made in accordance with the terms set forth in § 28-42-8(5).
(b) Whenever an employer who is liable to provisions of chapters 39 44 of this title does not report the correct amount of contributions, an assessment of additional contributions must be made within three (3) years, except in the case of fraud or intent to evade the provision of law, in which case the limitation does not apply.
(P.L. 1936, ch. 2333, § 5; P.L. 1937, ch. 2556, § 1; G.L. 1938, ch. 284, § 5; P.L. 1939, ch. 670, § 3; impl. am. P.L. 1947, ch. 1923, art. 2, § 10; P.L. 1949, ch. 2175, § 1; impl. am. P.L. 1953, ch. 3206, § 1; G.L. 1956, §§ 28-43-12, 28-43-13; G.L. 1956, § 28-43-12; P.L. 1958, ch. 187, § 1; P.L. 1962, ch. 24, § 1; P.L. 1985, ch. 282, § 7; P.L. 1998, ch. 234, § 2; P.L. 1998, ch. 334, § 2.)