TITLE 31
Motor and Other vehicles

CHAPTER 31-21.2
Comprehensive Community-Police Relationship Act of 2015

SECTION 31-21.2-7


§ 31-21.2-7 Data collection and use.

(a) Data acquired under this chapter shall not be used in any civil proceeding to establish or rebut an inference of discrimination except by court order or when otherwise admissible in accordance with rules of civil procedure. It is understood that disparities may or may not equate to racial profiling. All data collected pursuant to this chapter shall be public. For those motor vehicle stops where a citation was issued or an arrest was made, the forms prepared pursuant to § 31-21.2-6(b) of this chapter shall include a citation or arrest number for reference. The data collection form shall not include the name or badge number of the officer completing the form. The report from the department of transportation or its designee shall not be officer specific.

(b) Any police officer who in good faith records traffic stop information pursuant to the requirements of this chapter shall not be held civilly liable for the act of recording the information unless the officer's conduct was reckless.

(c) All police departments shall submit to the office of highway safety of the department of transportation, or its designee, on an annual basis beginning on July 15, 2016, and for four (4) years following the conclusion of data collection, a report indicating what action, if any, has been taken, to address any racial disparities in traffic stops and/or searches documented in the studies authorized by §§ 31-21.1-4 and 31-21.2-6, and to otherwise implement any recommendations of those studies, including, but not limited to, any changes to agency policies; revisions to traffic enforcement practices; detailed analysis and review of traffic stop data and the results of such review; or the initiation of any disciplinary action. Any reference to disciplinary action shall not identify the officer. The office of highway safety of the department of transportation or its designee shall issue guidelines for police departments to follow in preparing these reports. The reports shall be public records and shall contain a certification that the department has complied with § 31-21.2-6(j) and (k).

(d) Every twelve (12) months, each state and municipal law enforcement agency shall submit to the office of highway safety of the Rhode Island department of transportation, or its designee, on a brief form prepared by that office, or its designee, information summarizing what, if any, actions were taken by the agency in response to any racial disparities documented in the previous reports issued pursuant to § 31-21.2-6(i). The summary shall include, but not be limited to: any changes to agency policies; revisions to traffic enforcement practices; detailed analysis and review of traffic stop data and the results of such review; or the initiation of any disciplinary action. Any references to disciplinary action shall not identify the officer. The forms shall be public records, and shall contain a certification that the department has complied with § 31-21.2-6(j) and (k).

History of Section.
(P.L. 2004, ch. 331, § 1; P.L. 2004, ch. 356, § 1; P.L. 2015, ch. 214, § 2; P.L. 2015, ch. 235, § 2.)