§ 31-47.1-7. Motor vehicle emissions programs.
(a) The department and the department of environmental management shall establish programs for the purpose of inspecting motor vehicles. It shall be the responsibility of the department to provide for the supervision of the operational aspects of emission inspection stations. It shall be the responsibility of the department of environmental management to provide for the environmental aspects of the motor vehicle emissions inspections. The programs, in total, shall be no less stringent than any performance standard for enhanced motor vehicle inspection aintenance programs promulgated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and shall meet the requirements necessary for motor vehicles to qualify for the emission performance warranty provisions of the federal Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. § 7401 et seq.). The department and the department of environmental management may contract with private entities to assist the state in the administration of motor vehicle inspection programs.
(b) The department shall promulgate rules and regulations for the issuance of certificates of compliance and certificates of waiver.
(c) The department shall promulgate rules and regulations specifying the vehicles subject to the motor vehicle emissions inspection requirement.
(d) The department shall conduct an on-road testing program. The department may require that vehicles it has reason to believe are not in compliance with the standards and criteria for motor vehicle emissions inspections submit to an out of cycle inspection at an AIRS and, if necessary, be brought into compliance as provided by this chapter.
(e) The department shall assess the availability of adequate repair technician training and shall ensure that training is made available to interested individuals either through private or public facilities.
(f) The department shall establish procedures to ensure that vehicles subject to either a voluntary emissions recall or a remedial plan pursuant to § 207(c)(42 U.S.C. § 7541(c)) of the federal Clean Air Act received the required repairs.
(g) The department of environmental management shall promulgate rules and regulations establishing standards and criteria for motor vehicle emissions inspections, giving consideration to the levels of emissions necessary to achieve and maintain federal and state ambient air quality standards and the levels necessary to protect human health and the environment. The standards and criteria shall include, but not be limited to, a requirement to test the exhaust of motor vehicles for hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and oxides of nitrogen. The standards and criteria may include, in lieu of the requirement to test the exhaust of model year 1996 and later motor vehicles, a requirement to inspect on-board diagnostic systems and to repair malfunctions or system deterioration identified by or affecting the systems. The standards and criteria may be different for different model years and types of vehicles. The department of environmental management shall promulgate regulations relative to: testing equipment specifications, quality assurance and quality control procedures for testing equipment, calibration gases, failure rates, emission standards, testing procedures, data collection and data analysis.
(h) The department shall fund and establish a program for the quality assurance of motor vehicle emissions inspections with the state police and municipal police departments. This program may include a requirement for inspections of emissions inspection stations to determine compliance with all operational requirements.
(i) The department of environmental management shall establish programs for public information and consumer protection.
(j) The department of environmental management shall submit all appropriate aspects of the motor vehicle emissions inspection programs to the Environmental Protection Agency as revisions to the State Implementation Plan in accordance with the requirements of the federal Clear Air Act.
(k) Rules and regulations promulgated by the department and the department of environmental management shall specify that the emissions inspection programs required by this chapter shall be a decentralized system of authorized inspection and repair stations and shall incorporate the inspection required by chapter 38 of title 31 of the general laws relating to motor vehicles.
(l) Each AIRS must participate in any state sponsored program which provides emissions inspection equipment on a lease or purchase basis.
(P.L. 1993, ch. 254, § 1; P.L. 1997, ch. 65, § 2; P.L. 1998, ch. 327, § 1; P.L. 2002, ch. 201, § 1.)