TITLE 40
Human services

CHAPTER 40-8
Medical Assistance

SECTION 40-8-13.4


§ 40-8-13.4 Rate methodology for payment for in state and out of state hospital services.

(a) The executive office of health and human services ("executive office") shall implement a new methodology for payment for in-state and out-of-state hospital services in order to ensure access to, and the provision of, high-quality and cost-effective hospital care to its eligible recipients.

(b) In order to improve efficiency and cost effectiveness, the executive office shall:

(1)(i) With respect to inpatient services for persons in fee-for-service Medicaid, which is non-managed care, implement a new payment methodology for inpatient services utilizing the Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG) method of payment, which is, a patient-classification method that provides a means of relating payment to the hospitals to the type of patients cared for by the hospitals. It is understood that a payment method based on DRG may include cost outlier payments and other specific exceptions. The executive office will review the DRG-payment method and the DRG base price annually, making adjustments as appropriate in consideration of such elements as trends in hospital input costs; patterns in hospital coding; beneficiary access to care; and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services national CMS Prospective Payment System (IPPS) Hospital Input Price index. For the twelve-month (12) period beginning July 1, 2015, the DRG base rate for Medicaid fee-for-service inpatient hospital services shall not exceed ninety-seven and one-half percent (97.5%) of the payment rates in effect as of July 1, 2014.

(ii) With respect to inpatient services, (A) It is required as of January 1, 2011 until December 31, 2011, that the Medicaid managed care payment rates between each hospital and health plan shall not exceed ninety and one tenth percent (90.1%) of the rate in effect as of June 30, 2010. Negotiated increases in inpatient hospital payments for each annual twelve-month (12) period beginning January 1, 2012 may not exceed the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services national CMS Prospective Payment System (IPPS) Hospital Input Price index for the applicable period; (B) Provided, however, for the twenty-four-month (24) period beginning July 1, 2013, the Medicaid managed care payment rates between each hospital and health plan shall not exceed the payment rates in effect as of January 1, 2013, and for the twelve-month (12) period beginning July 1, 2015, the Medicaid managed-care payment inpatient rates between each hospital and health plan shall not exceed ninety-seven and one-half percent (97.5%) of the payment rates in effect as of January 1, 2013; (C) Negotiated increases in inpatient hospital payments for each annual twelve-month (12) period beginning July 1, 2016, may not exceed the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services national CMS Prospective Payment System (IPPS) Hospital Input Price Index, less Productivity Adjustment, for the applicable period; (D) The executive office will develop an audit methodology and process to assure that savings associated with the payment reductions will accrue directly to the Rhode Island Medicaid program through reduced managed-care-plan payments and shall not be retained by the managed-care plans; (E) All hospitals licensed in Rhode Island shall accept such payment rates as payment in full; and (F) For all such hospitals, compliance with the provisions of this section shall be a condition of participation in the Rhode Island Medicaid program.

(2) With respect to outpatient services and notwithstanding any provisions of the law to the contrary, for persons enrolled in fee-for-service Medicaid, the executive office will reimburse hospitals for outpatient services using a rate methodology determined by the executive office and in accordance with federal regulations. Fee-for-service outpatient rates shall align with Medicare payments for similar services. Notwithstanding the above, there shall be no increase in the Medicaid fee-for-service outpatient rates effective on July 1, 2013, July 1, 2014, or July 1, 2015. For the twelve-month (12) period beginning July 1, 2015, Medicaid fee-for-service outpatient rates shall not exceed ninety-seven and one-half percent (97.5%) of the rates in effect as of July 1, 2014. Thereafter, increases in the outpatient hospital payments for each annual twelve-month (12) period beginning July 1, 2016, may not exceed the CMS national Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS) Hospital Input Price Index for the applicable period. With respect to the outpatient rate, (i) It is required as of January 1, 2011, until December 31, 2011, that the Medicaid managed-care payment rates between each hospital and health plan shall not exceed one hundred percent (100%) of the rate in effect as of June 30, 2010; (ii) Negotiated increases in hospital outpatient payments for each annual twelve-month (12) period beginning January 1, 2012, may not exceed the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services national CMS Outpatient Prospective Payment System OPPS hospital price index for the applicable period; (iii) Provided, however, for the twenty-four-month (24) period beginning July 1, 2013, the Medicaid managed-care outpatient payment rates between each hospital and health plan shall not exceed the payment rates in effect as of January 1, 2013, and for the twelve-month (12) period beginning July 1, 2015, the Medicaid managed-care outpatient payment rates between each hospital and health plan shall not exceed ninety-seven and one-half percent (97.5%) of the payment rates in effect as of January 1, 2013; (iv) negotiated increases in outpatient hospital payments for each annual twelve-month (12) period beginning July 1, 2016, may not exceed the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services national CMS OPPS Hospital Input Price Index, less Productivity Adjustment, for the applicable period.

(3) "Hospital", as used in this section, shall mean the actual facilities and buildings in existence in Rhode Island, licensed pursuant to § 23-17-1 et seq. on June 30, 2010, and thereafter any premises included on that license, regardless of changes in licensure status pursuant to chapter 17.14 of title 23 (hospital conversions) and § 23-17-6(b) (change in effective control), that provides short-term, acute inpatient and/or outpatient care to persons who require definitive diagnosis and treatment for injury, illness, disabilities, or pregnancy. Notwithstanding the preceding language, the negotiated Medicaid managed care payment rates for a court-approved purchaser that acquires a hospital through receivership, special mastership or other similar state insolvency proceedings (which court-approved purchaser is issued a hospital license after January 1, 2013) shall be based upon the newly negotiated rates between the court-approved purchaser and the health plan, and such rates shall be effective as of the date that the court-approved purchaser and the health plan execute the initial agreement containing the newly negotiated rate. The rate-setting methodology for inpatient-hospital payments and outpatient-hospital payments set forth in subdivisions (b)(1)(ii)(C) and (b)(2), respectively, shall thereafter apply to negotiated increases for each annual twelve-month (12) period as of July 1 following the completion of the first full year of the court-approved purchaser's initial Medicaid managed care contract.

(c) It is intended that payment utilizing the DRG method shall reward hospitals for providing the most efficient care, and provide the executive office the opportunity to conduct value-based purchasing of inpatient care.

(d) The secretary of the executive office is hereby authorized to promulgate such rules and regulations consistent with this chapter, and to establish fiscal procedures he or she deems necessary, for the proper implementation and administration of this chapter in order to provide payment to hospitals using the DRG-payment methodology. Furthermore, amendment of the Rhode Island state plan for Medicaid, pursuant to Title XIX of the federal Social Security Act, is hereby authorized to provide for payment to hospitals for services provided to eligible recipients in accordance with this chapter.

(e) The executive office shall comply with all public notice requirements necessary to implement these rate changes.

(f) As a condition of participation in the DRG methodology for payment of hospital services, every hospital shall submit year-end settlement reports to the executive office within one year from the close of a hospital's fiscal year. Should a participating hospital fail to timely submit a year-end settlement report as required by this section, the executive office shall withhold financial-cycle payments due by any state agency with respect to this hospital by not more than ten percent (10%) until said report is submitted. For hospital fiscal year 2010 and all subsequent fiscal years, hospitals will not be required to submit year-end settlement reports on payments for outpatient services. For hospital fiscal year 2011 and all subsequent fiscal years, hospitals will not be required to submit year-end settlement reports on claims for hospital inpatient services. Further, for hospital fiscal year 2010, hospital inpatient claims subject to settlement shall include only those claims received between October 1, 2009, and June 30, 2010.

(g) The provisions of this section shall be effective upon implementation of the new payment methodology set forth in this section and § 40-8-13.3, which shall in any event be no later than March 30, 2010, at which time the provisions of §§ 40-8-13.2, 27-19-14, 27-19-15, and 27-19-16 shall be repealed in their entirety.

History of Section.
(P.L. 2009, ch. 68, art. 23, § 7; P.L. 2010, ch. 23, art. 20, § 1; P.L. 2010, ch. 120, § 2; P.L. 2011, ch. 151, art. 15, § 1; P.L. 2013, ch. 144, art. 19, § 1; P.L. 2014, ch. 145, art. 18, § 1; P.L. 2015, ch. 141, art. 5, § 10; P.L. 2016, ch. 142, art. 7, § 2.)