TITLE 44
Taxation

CHAPTER 44-11
Business Corporation Tax

SECTION 44-11-2


§ 44-11-2. Imposition of tax.

(a) Each corporation shall annually pay to the state a tax equal to nine percent (9%) of net income, as defined in § 44-11-11, qualified in § 44-11-12, and apportioned to this state as provided in §§ 44-11-13 – 44-11-15, for the taxable year. For tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2015, each corporation shall annually pay to the state a tax equal to seven percent (7.0%) of net income, as defined in § 44-11-13 – 44-11-15, for the taxable year.

(b) A corporation shall pay the amount of any tax as computed in accordance with subsection (a) after deducting from "net income," as used in this section, fifty percent (50%) of the excess of capital gains over capital losses realized during the taxable year, if for the taxable year:

(1) The corporation is engaged in buying, selling, dealing in, or holding securities on its own behalf and not as a broker, underwriter, or distributor;

(2) Its gross receipts derived from these activities during the taxable year amounted to at least ninety percent (90%) of its total gross receipts derived from all of its activities during the year. "Gross receipts" means all receipts, whether in the form of money, credits, or other valuable consideration, received during the taxable year in connection with the conduct of the taxpayer's activities.

(c) A corporation shall not pay the amount of the tax computed on the basis of its net income under subsection (a), but shall annually pay to the state a tax equal to ten cents ($.10) for each one hundred dollars ($100) of gross income for the taxable year or a tax of one hundred dollars ($100), whichever tax shall be the greater, if for the taxable year the corporation is either a "personal holding company" registered under the federal Investment Company Act of 1940, 15 U.S.C. § 80a-1 et seq., "regulated investment company", or a "real estate investment trust" as defined in the federal income tax law applicable to the taxable year. "Gross income" means gross income as defined in the federal income tax law applicable to the taxable year, plus:

(1) Any interest not included in the federal gross income; minus

(2) Interest on obligations of the United States or its possessions, and other interest exempt from taxation by this state; and minus

(3) Fifty percent (50%) of the excess of capital gains over capital losses realized during the taxable year.

(d)(1) A small business corporation having an election in effect under subchapter S, 26 U.S.C. § 1361 et seq., shall not be subject to the Rhode Island income tax on corporations, except that the corporation shall be subject to the provisions of subsection (a), to the extent of the income that is subjected to federal tax under subchapter S. Effective for tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2015, a small business corporation having an election in effect under subchapter S, 26 U.S.C. § 1361 et seq., shall be subject to the minimum tax under § 44-11-2(e).

(2) The shareholders of the corporation who are residents of Rhode Island shall include in their income their proportionate share of the corporation's federal taxable income.

(3) [Deleted by P.L. 2004, ch. 595, art. 29, § 1.]

(4) [Deleted by P.L. 2004, ch. 595, art. 29, § 1.]

(e) Minimum tax. The tax imposed upon any corporation under this section, including a small business corporation having an election in effect under subchapter S, 26 U.S.C. § 1361 et seq., shall not be less than four hundred fifty dollars ($450). For tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2017, the tax imposed shall not be less than four hundred dollars ($400).

History of Section.
(G.L. 1938, ch. 37, § 2; P.L. 1947, ch. 1887, art. 1, § 1; P.L. 1949, ch. 2168, § 1; P.L. 1951, ch. 2733, art. 1, § 1; P.L. 1952, ch. 3026, art. 1, § 1; P.L. 1953, ch. 3150, art. 1, § 1; P.L. 1954, ch. 3254, art. 1, § 1; P.L. 1955, ch. 3521, art. 1, § 1; G.L. 1956, § 44-11-2; P.L. 1956, ch. 3739, art. 1, § 1; P.L. 1957, ch. 44, art. 1, § 1; P.L. 1958, ch. 17, art. 3, § 1; P.L. 1959, ch. 169, art. 2, § 1; P.L. 1960, ch. 66, art. 2, § 1; P.L. 1965, ch. 34, § 1; P.L. 1966, ch. 238, § 1; P.L. 1966, ch. 245, § 7; P.L. 1968, ch. 263, art. 5, §§ 1, 2; P.L. 1970, ch. 139, art. 1, § 1; 1970, ch. 226, § 1; P.L. 1974, ch. 151, art. 4, § 1; impl. am. P.L. 1974, ch. 200, art. 2, § 2; P.L. 1977, ch. 133, § 2; P.L. 1983, ch. 2, art. 8, § 1; P.L. 1988, ch. 12, § 1; P.L. 1989, ch. 126, art. 20, § 1; P.L. 1992, ch. 15, art. 4, § 1; P.L. 2004, ch. 595, art. 17, § 6; P.L. 2004, ch. 595, art. 29, § 1; P.L. 2014, ch. 145, art. 12, § 15; P.L. 2015, ch. 141, art. 11, § 1; P.L. 2016, ch. 142, art. 13, § 9.)