Mortgage Foreclosure and Sale
R.I. Gen. Laws § 34-27-4
§ 34-27-4. Publication of notice under power of sale and rights of active military servicemembers.
(a) Whenever any real estate shall be sold under any power of sale mortgage executed subsequent to May 4, 1911, and the mortgage shall provide for the giving of notice of the sale by publication in some public newspaper at least once a week for three (3) successive weeks before the sale, the first publication of the notice shall be at least twenty-one (21) days before the day of sale, including the day of the first publication in the computation, and the third publication of the notice shall be no fewer than seven (7) days before the original date of sale listed in the advertisement, including the day of the third publication in the computation, and no more than fourteen (14) days before the original date of sale listed in the advertisement. The sale may take place no more than fourteen (14) days from the date on which the third successive notice is published, excluding the day of the third publication in the computation. Provided, however, that if the sale is adjourned as provided in § 34-11-22, and the adjourned sale is held during the same calendar week as the originally scheduled day of sale, no additional advertising is required. Otherwise, publication of the notice of the adjourned sale, together with a notice of the adjournment or adjournments, shall be continued at least once each week commencing with the calendar week following the originally scheduled day of sale; the sale, as so adjourned, shall take place during the same calendar week in which the last notice of the adjourned sale is published, at least one day after the date on which the last notice is published.
(b) Provided, however, that no notice shall be valid or effective unless the mortgagor has been mailed written notice of the time and place of sale by certified mail return receipt requested at the address of the real estate and, if different, at the mortgagor's address listed with the tax assessor's office of the city or town where the real estate is located or any other address mortgagor designates by written notice to mortgagee at his, her, or its last known address, at least twenty (20) days for mortgagors other than individual consumer mortgagors, and at least thirty (30) days for individual consumer mortgagors, days prior to the first publication, including the day of mailing in the computation. The mortgagee shall include in the foreclosure deed an affidavit of compliance with this provision.
(c) Provided further, that the notice mailed to the mortgagor in accordance with subsection (b) above shall also contain a copy of subsection (d) below (printed in not less than 12 point type) headed by the following notice (printed in not less than 14 point type): "A servicemember on active duty or deployment or who has recently ceased such duty or deployment has certain rights under subsection 34-27-4(d) of the Rhode Island general laws set out below. To protect your rights if you are such a servicemember, you should give written notice to the servicer of the obligation or the attorney conducting the foreclosure, prior to the sale, that you are a servicemember on active duty or deployment or who has recently ceased such duty or deployment. This notice may be given on your behalf by your authorized representative. If you have any questions about this notice, you should consult with an attorney." The mortgagee shall include in the foreclosure deed an affidavit of compliance with this provision.
(d) Foreclosure sales affecting servicemembers.
(1) The following definitions shall apply to this subsection and to subsection (c):
(i) "Servicemember" means a member of the army, navy, air force, marine corps, or coast guard and members of the national guard or reserves called to active duty.
(ii) "Active duty" has the same meaning as the term is defined in 10 U.S.C. §§ 12301 — 12304. In the case of a member of the national guard, or reserves "active duty" means and includes service under a call to active service authorized by the president or the secretary of defense for a period of time of more than thirty (30) consecutive days under 32 U.S.C. § 502(f), for the purposes of responding to a national emergency declared by the president and supported by federal funds.
(2) This subsection applies only to an obligation on real and related personal property owned by a service member that:
(i) Originated before the period of the servicemember's military service or in the case of a member of the national guard or reserves originated before being called into active duty and for which the servicemember is still obligated; and
(ii) Is secured by a mortgage or other security in the nature of a mortgage.
(3) Stay of right to foreclose by mortgagee. Upon receipt of written notice from the mortgagor or mortgagor's authorized representative that the mortgagor is participating in active duty or deployment or that the notice as provided in subsection (c) was received within nine (9) months of completion of active duty or deployment, the mortgagee shall be barred from proceeding with the execution of sale of the property as defined in the notice until such nine (9) month period has lapsed or until the mortgagee obtains court approval in accordance with subdivision (d)(5) below.
(4) Stay of proceedings and adjustment of obligation. In the event a mortgagee proceeds with foreclosure of the property during, or within nine (9) months after a servicemember's period of active duty or deployment notwithstanding receipt of notice contemplated by subdivision (d)(3) above, the servicemember or his or her authorized representative may file a petition against the mortgagee seeking a stay of such foreclosure, after a hearing on such petition, and on its own motion, the court may:
(i) Stay the proceedings for a period of time as justice and equity require; or
(ii) Adjust the obligation as permitted by federal law to preserve the interests of all parties.
(5) Sale or foreclosure. A sale, foreclosure or seizure of property for a breach of an obligation of a servicemember who is entitled to the benefits under subsection (d) and who provided the mortgagee with written notice permitted under subdivision (d)(3) shall not be valid if made during, or within nine (9) months after, the period of the servicemember's military service except:
(i) Upon a court order granted before such sale, foreclosure or seizure after hearing on a petition filed by the mortgagee against such servicemember; or
(ii) If made pursuant to an agreement of all parties.
(6) Penalties. A mortgagee who knowingly makes or causes to be made a sale, foreclosure or seizure of property that is prohibited by subsection (d)(3) shall be fined the sum of one thousand dollars ($1,000), or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both. The remedies and rights provided hereunder are in addition to and do not preclude any remedy for wrongful conversion otherwise available under law to the person claiming relief under this section, including consequential and punitive damages.
(7) Any petition hereunder shall be commenced by action filed in the superior court for the county in which the property subject to the mortgage or other security in the nature of a mortgage is situated. Any hearing on such petition shall be conducted on an expedited basis following such notice and/or discovery as the court deems proper.
History of Section.
P.L. 1911, ch. 692, § 1; G.L. 1923, ch. 302, § 18; G.L. 1938, ch. 442, § 18; G.L. 1956, § 34-27-4; P.L. 1988, ch. 138, § 2; P.L. 1989, ch. 154, § 2; P.L. 1992, ch. 224, § 3; P.L. 1993, ch. 377, § 2; P.L. 2003, ch. 233, § 2; P.L. 2003, ch. 358, § 2; P.L. 2008, ch. 352, § 1; P.L. 2008, ch. 369, § 1; P.L. 2010, ch. 233, § 1; P.L. 2010, ch. 237, § 1; P.L. 2012, ch. 161, § 1; P.L. 2012, ch. 177, § 1.