It is enacted by the General Assembly as follows:
Name and Purpose
There is hereby established a Richmond Rural Preservation Land Trust (hereinafter called trust) for the purposes of, but not limited to: acquiring development rights to agricultural property within the town of Richmond, acquiring agricultural property, and/or other property, or interest therein, to preserve open spaces, fresh water wetlands and ponds, adjoining uplands, wildlife habitats, groundwater recharge areas, land providing access to open space land, land for bicycle and hiking paths and land for future passive public recreational facilities and use.
Trustees shall be resident electors of the town of Richmond, shall serve without compensation and shall hold office until their successors have been appointed. No trustee may be an elected officer or salaried employee of the town of Richmond.
Organization of Trust
The trust shall re-organize annually in January and shall file forthwith a list of the officers for the ensuing year with the town clerk.
Rules and Regulations
Powers of the Trust
(a) purchase, receive by gift, or otherwise acquire fee simple of lesser interests in real property, including development rights as defined in section 42-12-2 of the general laws, or any interest in real property consistent with the purposes of this act;
(b) accept gifts, grants or loans of funds or services from any source, public or private, and comply, subject to the provisions of this act, with any terms and conditions thereof;
(c) accept from state and/or federal agencies, loans or grants for use in carrying out the trust's purposes and enter into agreements with such agencies respecting any such loans or grants;
(d) employ counsel, auditors, engineers, appraisers, private consultants, advisors, secretaries or other personnel needed to perform its duties;
(e) administer and manage land and interests in land held by it in a manner which allows public use and enjoyment consistent with the natural and scenic resources thereof, including conveyance at any such land or interest in land to, and contracts with, nonprofit organizations, provided such land shall continue to be used in a manner consistent with the purposes of this act and with the terms of any grant or devise by which such land was acquired by the trust;
(f) incur debt, only after authorization in each such instance by vote of a financial town meeting of the town of Richmond in accordance with section 7 of this act. The trust shall be obligated to pay debt service on all such debt to the extent funds are available and to reimburse the town for any town funds expended to pay such debt service. Whenever the town of Richmond shall be have been required to pay over any sums of money to the trust, the trust shall be precluded from acquiring any additional property until the trust shall have repaid the town of Richmond in full for all sums paid to the trust hereunder and to reimburse the town for any town funds expended to pay such debt service.
(g) dispose of all or any portion of it real property or interests therein held by it, whenever in the opinion of the trustees said lands or properties have become unsuitable or have ceased to be used for the purposes set forth in this act. Such dispositions shall be made only by a vote of the trustees in which at least three (3) members vote in favor of such disposition, and further only after having been approved by a two thirds (2/3) vote of an annual or special financial town meeting of the town of Richmond. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to authorize the sale, lease or conveyance of lands or improvements held by the trust as part of a charitable trust or acquired by gift or devise for public use, whether or not such gift or devise is subject to a condition subsequent or reverter.
(h) Otherwise do all things necessary for the performance of its duties, the fulfillment of its obligations and the conduct of its business.
Issuance of Bonds
(a) Bonds may be issued or authorized only upon the approval of a majority of the voters present at an annual or special financial town meeting. The bonds of each issue may be issued in a form acceptable to the town council, in annual installments of principal, the first installment to be not later than five (5) years and the last installment not later than thirty (30) years after the date of the bonds. For each issue the amounts payable annually for principal and interest combined either (a) shall be as nearly equal from year to year as it practicable in the opinion of the officers authorized to issue the bonds, or (b) shall be arranged in accordance with a schedule providing for a more rapid amortization of principal, or (c) shall be arranged in annual installment of principal each of which does not exceed any prior installment by more than sixteen (16%) percent of the total principal amount of the issue.
(b) The bonds shall be signed by the town treasurer and by the president of the town council and shall be issued and sold in such amounts as authorized by the voters at an annual or special financial town meeting. The manner of sale, denominations, maturities, interest rates and other terms and conditions and details of any bonds or notes issued under this act may be fixed by the proceedings of the town council authorizing the issue or by separate resolution of the town council or, to the extent provisions of these matters are not so made, they may be fixed by the officers authorized to sign the bonds or notes. The proceeds derived from the sale of the bonds shall be delivered to the treasurer to be deposited in the fund established by section 6 of this act, and such proceeds exclusive of premiums and accrued interest shall be expended (i) for the purpose of real property or interests therein by the trust of (ii) in payment of the principal of or interest on temporary notes issued under subsection (c) or (iii) in repayment of advances under subsection (d). No purchaser of any bonds or notes under this act shall be in any way responsible for the proper application of the proceeds derived from the sale thereof. The proceeds of bonds or notes issued under this act. Any applicable federal or state assistance, and the other moneys referred to in subsection (c) shall be deemed appropriated for the purposes of this act without further action than that required by this act.
(c) The town council may by resolution authorize the issue from time to time of interest bearing or discounted notes in anticipation of the issue of bonds or in anticipation of the receipt of federal or state aid for the purpose of this act. The amount of original notes issued in anticipation of bonds may not exceed the amount of bonds which may be issued under this act and the amount of original notes issued in anticipation of federal or state aid may not exceed the amount of available federal or state aid as estimated by the treasurer. Temporary notes issued hereunder shall be signed by the treasurer and president of the town council and shall be payable within one (1) year from their respective dates, but the principal of and interest on notes issued for a shorter period may be renewed or paid from time to time by the issue of other notes hereunder, provided the period from the date of an original note to the maturity of any note issued to renew or pay the same debt or the interest thereon shall not exceed five (5) years.
(d) Pending any authorization or issue of bonds hereunder or pending or in lieu of any authorization or issue of notes hereunder, the treasurer, with the approval of the town council, may, to the extent that bonds or notes may be issued hereunder, apply funds in the treasury of the town to the purposes specified in subsection (b), such advances to be repaid without interest from the proceeds of the bonds or notes subsequently issued or from proceeds of applicable federal or state assistance or from other available funds.
(e) Any accrued interest received upon the sale of bonds or notes hereunder shall be applied to the first payment of the first interest due thereon. Any premiums arising from the sale of bonds or notes hereunder shall, in the discretion of the treasurer, be applied to the cost of preparing issuing and marketing bonds or notes hereunder to the extent not otherwise provided, to the payment of the cost of the acquisition of real property, to the payment of the principal of or interest on bonds and notes issued hereunder or to any one or more of the foregoing. The cost of preparing, issuing and marketing bonds or notes hereunder may also, in the discretion of the treasurer, be met from bond or note proceeds exclusive of premium and accrued interest or from other moneys available therefor.
(f) All bonds and notes issued under this act and the debts evidenced thereby shall be obligatory on the town in the same manner and to the same extent as other debts lawfully contracted by it and shall excepted from the operation of section 45-12-2 of the general laws. No such obligation shall at any time be included in the debt of the town for the purpose of ascertaining its borrowing capacity. The town shall annually appropriate a sum sufficient to pay the principal and interest coming due within the year on bonds and notes issued hereunder to the extent that moneys therefor are not otherwise provided by the trust. If such sum is not appropriated, it shall nevertheless be added to the annual tax levy. In order to provide such sum in each year and notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, all taxable property in the town shall be subject to ad valorem taxation by the town without limitation as to the rate or amount.
(g) Any bonds or notes issued under the provisions of this act, if property executed by officers of the town in office on the date of execution, shall be valid and binding according to their terms notwithstanding that before the delivery thereof and payment therefor any or all of such officers shall for any reason have ceased to hold office.
(h) The town, acting by resolution of the town council is authorized to apply for, contract for any, expend any federal or state advances or other grants or assistance which may be available for the purposes of this act, and any such expenditures may be in addition to other moneys provided in this act. To the extent of any inconsistency between any law of this state and any applicable federal law or regulation, the later shall prevail. Federal and state advances, with interest where applicable, whether contracted for prior to or after the effective date of this act, may be repaid as project costs under subsection (b).
(I) Bonds and notes may be issued under this act without obtaining approval of any governmental agency or the taking of any proceedings or the happening of any conditions except as specifically required by this act for such issue. In carrying out any project financed in whole or in part under this act. All action shall be taken which is necessary to meet constitutional requirements whether or not such action is otherwise required; but the validity of bonds and notes issued hereunder shall in no way depend upon the validity or occurrence of such action.
(j) Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this section, no bonds shall be issued in excess of amounts approved from time to time by vote of a majority of electors present and voting on the question at an annual or special financial town meeting. A vote not to approve an amount of bonds hereunder shall not preclude any later vote to approve the same or a different amount.
Tax Status of Trust